Consists of a liver transplant from a healthy liver (or part thereof) of a deceased person in the body of a patient whose liver failure is such that, among other things may happen with cirrhosis and liver failure.
There are many different liver diseases. Thus, there are congenital abnormalities, a tumor or an inherited metabolic disorder that began in the liver. Often liver diseases caused by viruses, alcohol or drug abuse. Liver disease can also result from a disorder of the pancreas or small intestine. When a diseased liver, the liver is replaced by a healthy (donor) liver. Sometimes it is also possible to be a part of the donor liver diseased liver in addition to its own place. This piece of donor liver, the liver temporarily so that the own liver can regenerate (auxiliary liver). Compared with other organ transplants, the survival of a high liver. Approximately 75 percent of transplanted patients are still alive after ten years.
Symptoms of liver disease
Chronic liver damage or cirrhosis, regardless of the cause in which it occurred, occurs in a stereotypical way. Some of the signs and symptoms of liver disease and consequences of poor liver function are as follows:
As cites: An accumulation of fluid in the abdomen.
Encephalopathy: Disturbance of sleep and consciousness.
Varices esophageal or gastric: dilated veins that can rupture and bleed.
Jaundice: Yellowing of the skin.
Dark urine, dark urine.
Itching: Itching of the skin.
Forms of liver
-Orthotropic liver transplantation (OLT): the diseased liver of the patient is completely removed and replaced with a donor liver.
This method is used the most.
-Split-liver transplantation: the donor liver is divided into two parts so that two patients can be transplanted. The large right lobe to an adult may be given and the small left lobe of a child. Because there are very little children's livers for transplant available, will allow seriously ill children in this way it helped.
-Auxiliary transplantation: the donor liver (or part thereof), in addition to the patient's own liver, so someone has placed two livers. This occurs in patients with acute liver failure. There is a very fast transplant. If over time one's own liver is restored, the donor liver shrinks or is deleted. This method is not used much.
-Living donor transplantation: a portion of the liver from a living donor is transplanted. The liver of the donor grows within a few months again. This operation is mainly for donors significant health risks. These operations are rarely applied in Belgium
Good nutrition from a balanced diet can help regenerate liver cells that have been damaged by viral hepatitis, forming new cells. Nutrition is an essential part of treatment. In many chronic liver diseases are associated with malnutrition.
One purpose of the diet in the treatment is to provide enough calories and protein. However, too much protein can cause encephalopathy impairment (mental confusion, this occurs when the amount of dietary protein is greater than the liver's ability to use it) caused by accumulation of toxins that interfere with brain function. The protein is restricted to patients with evidence of encephalopathy, but there is controversy about the type of protein diet should contain. The protein from vegetables and dairy foods may be better tolerated than meat protein. Medications such as neomycin may be used to manage cases of encephalopathy liver. Due to the need of proteins that the body has the same restriction should be under surveillance and medical indication.